Getting an eye exam in not just about getting eyeglasses and contact lenses. If Dr. McKinney-Evans has any concerns about your eye health during a routine eye exam, she may dilate you on that visit or schedule it on another day. If she needs to prescribe medications, order medical tests or other advanced procedures, or if she needs to refer you to another specialist she will discuss this with you.
Annual exams are a good way to protect your eyes and overall health. Did you know that for the most part the eyes are silent, and there are often no symptoms of health conditions until damage has already taken place? Routinely getting your eyes checked, helps keep you aware of not only what is going on with your eyes, but the rest of your body as well.
When Dr. McKinney-Evans looks into your eyes, she can see blood vessels, cranial nerve tissue, and connective tissue that help her tell a lot about your general health. During a routine eye exam, signs of serious health conditions can be detected such as high blood pressure, diabetes, elevated cholesterol, and even brain tumors, aneurysms, myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, medication toxicity, and sickle cell anemia that would otherwise be present and remain undetected.
If you or someone you know has special needs, and requires extra accommodations to get an eye exam, ask for extra time for the appointment. Our facility is handicapped accessible. Our exam rooms are wheelchair equipped, so that patients who are in wheelchairs can stay in them during their eye exams. At Odom’s Eye Care-Optical, medical records are electronic. Ask one of our team members if you would like a copy of your eyeglass or contact lens prescription. If you need a refill on any prescription medication, just call us and we will get it called into your pharmacy.
Contact Lens Evaluations and Fittings
Whether you want to wear contact lenses to correct your vision or change your appearance, Dr. McKinney-Evans will check your tear film, and the health and shape of your cornea (the front surface of your eyes), and eye lids. Dr. McKinney-Evans and trained optometric assistants on staff will make sure your contact lenses fit correctly, and that you are seeing to your best potential.
Whether you are a new contact wearer or have been wearing them for years, we will fit you in trial contact lenses first for a week or so to make sure the lenses that you will order will work correctly. We follow up with you to ensure your successful fit with both comfort and vision. We have trained optometric professionals who are trained and certified to assist our new contact lens wearers to show them how to correctly insert, remove, and care for their contact lenses properly. If you have any questions or concerns please ask to speak to our contact lens technician.
This is an advanced tool used to detect and diagnose different abnormalities and/or diseases of the retina. The retina is the light sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye. These photos can be used to evaluate the retina, blood vessels, macula, optic nerve and vitreous tissue to diagnose conditions like:
A high resolution camera with a special optical system is used to take retinal photos.
Retinal photos can help monitor the retina for changes over time to detect diseases in their early stages. Once a diagnosis of a disease has been made, routine photos can be done to track progression. It is important that patients have routine retinal photos, so that abnormalities can be detected as soon as possible.
Retinal Scans with OCT Imaging
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive diagnostic testing tool that takes extremely high resolution, cross sectional images of retinal tissue and the optic nerve.
Retinal thickness and macula thickness measurements are taken by the OCT to detect thinning or swelling or fluid accumulation found in several retinal conditions. It gives the doctor critical information used to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment plans.
OCT technology is now the standard- of- care for diagnosis and treatment of most retinal conditions. It only takes a few minutes to perform this test. The OCT uses rays of light to measure retinal thickness. No radiation or X-rays are involved.
Visual Field Testing
The visual field test measures a patient’s ability, to see centrally and peripherally (to the side). Abnormal test results may show a loss of vision due to conditions like:
The visual field of each eye is examined one eye at a time. The patient’s eyeglasses prescription is placed in front of the eye. The chin rests in position in the instrument for comfort. The forehead is supported by a bar to keep the head still while testing.
The patient focuses on a central target. Lights of different sizes and brightness levels are presented in the patient’s visual field. The patient pushes a buzzer to respond. The test takes about 10-15 minutes for each eye. Dr. McKinney-Evans can then review the results on computerized print outs. Better results are obtained when the patient is alert and well rested.
Expert Frame Styling
Together our professional opticians have over 50 years of experience. They have both experience and certification. They are up-to-date with styles that are trending in the marketplace. They have a wealth of knowledge about optics, and cutting edge technology used in our Hoya lens options and designs.
We have the hottest brands like Ray Ban, Coach, Prada, Dolce and Gabbanna, and Michael Kors. We also have an exclusive collection of frames designed in France that can only be found at Odom’s Eye Care-Optical. This is our Face-A-Face-Paris Collection. We also have designer sun wear, sports goggles, safety glasses, readers, clip-ons and accessories.
Our opticians will consider your face shape, skin tone, eye color, and hair style and color when determining what style frames look best on you. You will find that they are brutally honest and have the utmost integrity. That is very important because this is your look we are talking about, and that tells a lot about who you are as you face the world each day.
Our opticians will consider your job duties and hobby interests, as well as your use of computers and digital media when giving professional advice on your new lens materials. These state-of-the art lenses may take about 7-10 working days to come in. Many times you will get a call that they are in before that.
Just as they are careful to find the very best style just for you, they will take time to educate you on what recommendations are best for your eye health, and how the new technology and optics in your new lenses will work.
Our opticians know how to take accurate lens measurements, adjust your frame to your face and head, and do routine maintenance and repairs. If you need new parts for your frame like temples or nose pads, just ask them and they will be happy to assist you.
If you want to use your current frame, and change your lenses only, ask our opticians if your frame is sturdy enough to be reused. If the answer is yes, they will usually order your lenses if your power is not in stock. Many times they can trace your frame shape in our on-site finishing lab, and you can keep your current frames until the new lenses come in. Once the opticians call you and tell you that your new lenses are in, you can walk in and bring your frames back with you. On that day, it usually takes about 10 or 15 minutes…and Voila, you have your new eyeglasses!!!
Our in-house finishing lab, makes this turnaround time go so quick. Our opticians are highly skilled in their craft and art form of taking your prescription and turning it into your awesome new look. Let them give you a fashion make-over today.
Common Eye Issues
Diabetic Eye Exam
Diabetic eye disease pertains to several eye problems that people with diabetes are at risk for as a complication of this disease. All of these problems can cause severe loss of vision and even blindness due to high blood sugar.The most common diabetic eye disease is diabetic retinopathy. This causes damage in the blood vessels in the retina, and causes them to leak blood (hemorrhage) and leak fatty deposits. This is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. If caught early, diabetic retinopathy can be slowed down or even resolved.
The National Eye Institute, a subsidiary of The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, recommends that all people with diabetes get a routine comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the optic nerve in the eye. The optic nerve carries the images that we see to the brain. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss or even blindness.It is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States.Side vision is affected first. As the disease gets worse, the visual field narrows to the point where objects straight ahead can no longer be seen.
Clear fluid constantly forms, circulates, and drains out of the eye to maintain a healthy level of pressure within the eye. Pressure can build up in the eye if this fluid drains too slowly.
This increase in fluid pressure inside the eye, can affect the optic nerve tissue differently from person to person. Many people get optic nerve damage with high pressures. However, some people can get optic nerve damage with low pressure, while others tolerate high pressures.
Close monitoring is important forall of these people who are at higher risk for glaucoma. Eye pressure is not the only risk factor for glaucoma. Anyone can get glaucoma, but some people are more likely to get it than others: African Americans over the age of 40, Hispanics over the age of 60, people who have diabetes, and people with a family history of glaucoma.
Early detection is needed during annual routine comprehensive eye exams in order to prevent damage and loss of vision that can occur due to glaucoma. Even though there may not be any symptoms during the early stages of the disease, if signs of glaucoma is detected during the initial exam, patients may be asked to come back for further testing.
A cataract is the clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which is located behind the pupil and iris. Cataracts are one of the leading causes of vision loss over the age of 40. It affects 60% of all Americans over the age of 60.Smokers are at higher risk of cataracts. Symptoms of cataracts may include blurred vision, glare, fading or yellowing of colors, double vision, and difficulty seeing at night.
Early cataracts usually will not be symptomatic or have little effect on vision. They are usually discovered during a routine annual comprehensive eye exam. In most cases cataracts are not treated until the symptoms start affecting daily activities like reading and driving. Cataracts are monitored until it is determined that surgery is indicated. Cataract surgery is very successful. The success rate is 95%, with over one and a half million people having it every year. In fact, cataract surgery is one of the most common and successful medical procedures in the world. In most cases, vision, and the quality of life improves.
AMD is an eye disease that affects an area in the center of the retina called the macula. It is a condition associated with aging that causes a loss of central vision as the macula degenerates. It is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 55-affecting more than 10 million people in the U.S. Smokers are at higher risk for AMD.
Some patients with AMD have perceived distortions of straight lines. Central blurred vision and the inability to see color and fine detail in these patients, affect daily tasks like reading, driving, and watching TV. In some cases, AMD causes vision loss that is very slow over several years. In other cases of AMD, blindness can occur more rapidly, over days. AMD can be detected during a routine comprehensive eye exam.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome is usually a chronic condition where there is reduction in the quality and/or quantity of the natural tears produced by the tear glands. Over 10 million Americans suffer from moderate to severe dry eye. This condition is one of the main reasons people visit an optometrist. It can cause discomfort by dryness, scratchiness, sandy/gritty sensations, burning sensations, feeling like something is in the eyes, contact lens intolerance, redness, and itchiness.
Ironically, the irritation from dry eyes can trigger reflex tears, which can suddenly flood the eyes orcause constant watery eyes. Because the reflex tears do not have the proper lubricating composition, the symptoms persist. Thus, “watery eyes” can actually be a symptom of Dry Eye Syndrome.
Dry eyes can be caused by systemic diseases, the natural aging process, hormonal changes, medications, Lasik surgery, computer use, excessive TV watching or reading, and longterm contact lens wear in some patients. Please ask about treatment options, if you have any of these symptoms.
Eye floaters are tiny spots or lines in your vision that move as you move your eyes. Without any other symptoms, they usually aren’t dangerous, but an eye exam is recommended to make sure.
Retinal detachment occurs when the back lining of the eye (retina) separates. Symptoms include seeing flashes of light or floaters and the darkening of peripheral vision. A dilated exam is indicated when eye drops are used to open the pupil wider, so that the doctor can get a better look inside the eyes. This will cause you to be light sensitive. So bring your sunglasses if you have some. This is a medical emergency and needs to be addressed immediately.
Computer Eye Strain
Computer eye strain is one of the most common complaints of the workplace. Prolonged computer use can cause eye discomfort, blurred vision, and headaches. Many studies have been done on this issue, but there is no current evidence that proves long-term damage to your eye health. If this is a concern of yours, ask about options available to help provide you with comfort.
Nearsightedness, Farsightedness, Astigmatism
These are three common eye conditions that cause blurred vision that are usually due to the eye’s size and shape. Genetics, age, trauma, eye strain, eye diseases, and systemic diseases can also affect the cause and change in these conditions. They can all usually be corrected with eyeglasses and contacts. A consultation for refractive surgery can be scheduled to see if that is also a viable option.